Prof blames parents for heavy school bags

Prof blames parents for heavy school bags

They allow schools to sell workbooks because they want their children to score As, says UCSI’s Tajuddin Rasdi. PETALING JAYA: A university professor has blamed parents for the large number of workbooks children have to buy from their schools. Tajuddin Rasdi, who teaches at UCSI, said many parents wrongly believed that children needed those books in order to do well in their studies. His comment follows a news report about parents alleging that some school heads were in cahoots with publishers in pushing workbooks to pupils and thereby burdening them with heavy school bags. The report quoted parents as saying through social media that schools were taking commissions from the sale of the books. Tajuddin told FMT he believed parents had not protested against schools for making their children buy more books “than they actually need”. He said this was why schools had continued selling them. “Parents want so much for their children to excel that they have accepted the idea. Once you accept that this is what your children need to get many As, the issue about whether or not the headmaster gets a commission becomes irrelevant.” Tajuddin said the notion that children needed many books to get good grades was false. “When I went to school, we didn’t have these books,” he said. “Teachers never asked us to get extra books. I left school with a lot of As.” He said he was not against the idea of buying more books. “It is not wrong to use these supplementary books. I’m only establishing the fact that you don’t have to make it compulsory. “If you think it’s so necessary, then there’s no point in having practically free education. What’s the point of having free education when you have to cough up several hundred ringgit per child for these supplementary books?”   Source...

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8 Everyday Activities That Can Damage Your Spine

8 Everyday Activities That Can Damage Your Spine

The spine is literally the backbone of your body that keeps it together. It’s important that you take care of it at any age. Bright Side has made a list of everyday activities that, as it turns out, might harm your spine. 8. Brushing your teeth When we stand, the pressure on the spine is much higher than during a long walk. If you have to stand for hours every day, you should find a way to mitigate the harmful influence on your spine. How to avoid it When you brush your teeth, lean on the wall or the sink with a free hand. 7. Washing up When washing up, we usually stand in a half-bent position with strained arms. Because of this, the intervertebral discs of the thoracic section quickly wear out, which leads to pains between the shoulder blades. How to avoid it Put a chair or a stool under your knee when you wash up. This will help lower the pressure.   6. Changing a car wheel Every second car owner has faced this challenge that can give you a pain in the back for the rest of the day. How to avoid it Don’t bend over to the wheel. Sit on the ground next to it instead so that your eyes are on the same level as the car’s fender. 5. Carrying bags from the supermarket Despite the depressing reality where supermarkets make millions yearly selling disposable bags, never skimp on a second bag. A few extra cents will save your spine from extra pressure. How to avoid it Remember that heavy objects should be lifted with your knees bent. For most women, a heavy object is something weighing more than 5 lbs (2 kg); for most men, more than 11 lbs (5 kg). Always remember that you should carry bags only with their weight evenly distributed in both hands.   4. Washing the floor If not every day, at least once a week we clean up our houses and brutally torture our spines. Strained legs and back, active arm movements, weight lifting — that even sounds dangerous. How to avoid it Don’t wash the floor with your hands and a floorcloth. Use a mop or a brush instead. 3. Lacing up your shoes Everything we do in a bent posture harms our intervertebral discs. Under constant pressure, nutritional substances leave the spine, and it flattens. This results in pressing and jabbing pains in one area or another. A new supply of necessary elements is only refilled when our bodies feel comfortable — for instance, in sleep. In light of this, it’s crucial that we monitor the sensations in our backs during the day and don’t put them to a strength test. How to avoid it It’s recommended to lace your shoes when seated and with your leg pulled up. Don’t do it crouched on the floor or standing and bending over.   2. Carrying a backpack Backpacks aren’t just popular with school students. We often...

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Kementerian Pendidikan kaji beban buku dibawa murid ke sekolah

Kementerian Pendidikan kaji beban buku dibawa murid ke sekolah

BATU GAJAH: Kementerian Pendidikan akan pergi ke beberapa sekolah rendah di negara ini untuk mengkaji jumlah buku yang dibawa murid setiap hari ke sekolah. Menterinya, Datuk Seri Mahdzir Khalid berkata, langkah itu dilakukan bagi memastikan jumlah buku yang dibawa murid sekolah tidak terlalu berat seterusnya membebankan mereka setiap hari. Menurut beliau, jumlah buku latihan tambahan yang dibawa murid itu bergantung kepada guru serta sekolah dan kebanyakan aduan yang diterima membabitkan pelajar dari Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina (SRJKC). Beliau menambah, dikatakan ramai yang mendakwa guru di sekolah terbabit banyak memberikan buku latihan tambahan. “Bagaimanapun saya tidak pasti dakwaan itu sama ada benar atau tidak dan maklumat lengkap mengenai masih belum peroleh,” kata kepada pemberita selepas merasmikan Persidangan Perwakilan UMNO Bahagian Batu Gajah di sini pada Ahad. Beliau yang juga Ahli Majlis Tertinggi UMNO diminta mengulas laporan muka hadapan sebuah akhbar berbahasa Inggeris mengenai bebanan buku tambahan yang terpaksa dibawa pelajar sekolah rendah di negara ini. Katanya, terdapat garis panduan berhubung jumlah buku dan berat yang dibenarkan terhadap murid dan jumlah maksimum yang dibenarkan adalah 10 buah buku sahaja.   Source...

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一人一柜书包瘦了 新光学生上下楼不再喘

(双溪大年14日讯)小学书包太重!双溪大年新光小学董家协,体恤学生背着沉重学生书包上学,继装置食水机后,再落实学生一人一书柜计划,作为收藏书本及辅助作业用途,减轻学生书包重量。 书包越来越超重,不只成为小学生的负担,也对正在发育的学生骨骼带来的伤害。新光小学的这项减轻学生书包重量计划,有望在5月前全校落实。 杨思源:花10万购置 家协主席杨思源说,一人一小柜计划是董事会及家协去年开始提出,书柜经于上周运抵该校,第一批将让课室在三楼的四、五及六年级学生先使用。他说,该校有1200名学生,每个班级约有240名学生。为落实这项计划,该校预算花费10万令吉购置小柜。  许初俊盼减轻一半 许初俊校长希望该校学生书包减轻至50%,也就是说每个学生的书包会减至7公斤到10公斤之间。 他说,他是与董家协成员到吉华S校及麦曼珍小学取经,由于面对书本收藏在小柜问题,该校决定让学生在放学的10分钟前收拾,以把不需要用到的书本或作业薄收藏在小柜里。 杨金福鼓励带小水瓶 董事长杨金福表示,该校在此之前,很早就已经装置食水机方便学生装水,这也是书包减重计划措施之一,所以校方鼓励学生带着小水罐上学即可,不够水饮用,可到校务处外面及食堂附近装置饮用水。 他表示,该校会时刻关注学生福利问题,将会为该校的硬体设备及需求作出完善策划,让学生在良好舒适的环境下求学。 吴锡昭感谢林嵘达推动 家协副主席吴锡昭感谢前校长林嵘达的推动和建议,才能让这项措施顺利进行。 他说,在上个星期正当小柜货源运到时,家协主席杨思源与董家协成员格外兴奋,大家协助进行搬运小柜到三楼装置。 伍伊雯:方便上下楼 家协财政伍伊雯表示,书包瘦身计划不只让学生方便上下楼,更减少背着沉重书包,一不小心跌倒时所带来的危险性。 杨荔诒:肩上轻很多 对于学校实施书包瘦身计划,6USM班杨荔诒爽朗的表示很轻松,肩上轻很多,不必再背着沉重的书包上学。 她说,每天背着沉重的书包上学,每当要步上三楼楼梯,都会觉得很气喘,现在有了小书柜,可以把没用到的书本收藏在小书柜,上楼时不会气喘,情绪也会变好。      Source...

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6 Natural Ways to Heal Back Problems Through Massage, Food & Yoga

Back pain is a common ailment that affects at least eight out of ten people, with the American Chiropractic Association (ACA) reporting that at least 31 million Americans experience lower back pain at any given time. But why is it so common? Among the most common culprits are poor posture, poor physical conditioning facilitated by inactivity, obesity, psychological/emotional stress, osteoporosis, and internal diseases like kidney stones, infections, and blood clots. The structure of the back is complicated, to say the least. Made up of bones, joints, ligaments, and muscles, there is much opportunity to sprain, rupture, and irritate the inner workings that make it strong and supportive. After ignoring the pain and taking it easy for some time, many people resort to popping painkillers to continue with their day-to-day life pain-free. But this often becomes habit and doesn’t actually treat the underlying issue, and longtime use can lead to liver damage, ulcers, and kidney damage, and potentially worsen problems with blood clotting, too. Preventing or treating disease is absolutely possible without the intervention of medications, and the same can be said for back pain. Getting to the root of the cause by way of lifestyle changes, and implementing scientifically-proven remedies, should be your first resort. Yoga Triangle pose, cobra pose, cat pose, and bridge pose are all incredibly beneficial asanas to help prevent as well as cure back pain safely and cheaply. Research has shown that the practice can reduce the severity of chronic low back pain, boost serotonin levels, enhance mental health, and promote better sleep. Iyengar yoga has also been shown to reduce the need for pain medication. Exercise Therapy A common misconception when dealing with back pain is that bed rest and inactivity are the best cures. But being physically active is actually much more beneficial for strengthening the muscles of the spine in order to significantly reduce back pain. “Why are we not prescribing an inexpensive, effective treatment? Some of it is, I think, we don’t think of exercise as being a treatment the way a tablet or a procedure or a physical therapy treatment might,” says Dr. Tim Carey, an internist at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. “We’re a fairly pill-oriented society. Pills are easy to take, and as a doctor, pills are easy to prescribe.” “What we do understand about the back it that the more you use it, the more...

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Heavy bag? Split books in parts

Heavy bag? Split books in parts

Orissa resident Sanjay Kumar Patnaik has forwarded a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi mentioning about the steps to be taken to reduce the weight of school bags. At present children carry heavy bags to schools which cause heavy strain on their back. Parents have often raised the issue of heavy school bags carried by children and even filed a public interest litigation with Bombay High Court for regulating the weight of bags carried by students. According to Mr Patnaik, “The weight of school bags can be reduced if the book publisher splits the course into two parts i.e one part could be used by students for studying the syllabus of mid-term exam and another for annual exams.” Today students carry many items in their bags like books, compass box, tiffin box, crayons, craft materials and water bottles which create huge discomfort to them. Those students who walk to schools by carrying bulky bags are more affected as compared to their counterparts travelling in school buses. Many students often carry two lunch boxes to schools. Some of them forget to unpack their bags after reaching homes as they often carry previous days’ time table books to schools which further increase the burden. Sometimes parents too don’t bother to check their children’s school bags due to their busy work schedule. “The total number of teaching days varies from 180 to 220 days per year (excluding summer vacation, winter vacation, annual function, sports, puja holidays, half yearly and annual exam days). Each class generally is held for 45 minutes. A teacher takes four to seven days to teach a single lesson (including teaching, question and answer session, correcting note books). Number of lesson varies from 10 to 20 for each subjects excluding general knowledge. Proper lesson planning and scheduled time table will help both teacher and students,” added Patnaik. For example (No of days classes held per year) X (no of periods per day) = (total no classes of the year) / (total no of lesson in all subjects) = days required to complete each lesson. 180 X 7 = 1260 / 140= 9 days to complete one lesson “Seven classes per day are enough to complete the courses. Remaining one period could be allotted for cursive writing, drawing, dictation, story, telling activities, games, library etc to help students become smarter,” said Patnaik. “Government schools must follow English language as a medium...

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Despite rise in prices, many families not switching to cheaper brands

KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 23 ― Whether it is school supplies or cat food, some families are refusing to sacrifice quality and familiarity by switching to cheaper brands even as the cost of living keeps going up. Some of the parents that Malay Mail Online spoke to said they were sticking to their budgets which can range anything from RM500 for two children to RM1,000 for three children. Farah Fadhlida Harun and her husband Mohamad Lokman Hamid spent around RM600 of the RM1,000 they had set aside for their two school-going children last year. This year they spent around RM900 out of the same budget for their children who will be entering Primary 1 and Primary 4 next year. The couple based in Terengganu who are in their 30s also noted that longer-lasting goods that cost more were worth paying extra for. “Like this bag, it is a bit more expensive but it’s alright… we won’t have to change it for a year. Sometimes if we buy cheap things, but it gets spoilt in less than a year, we have to buy again. Usually we buy the school bag only once for him from Standard 1 to Standard 3, buy the expensive one as it is durable,” Farah Fadhlida told Malay Mail Online when met at a back-to-school promotion sales here, adding that a good quality bag can cost upwards of RM100. Mohamad Lokman, who works as an IT officer, said household expenses have also gone up by around RM500 to RM600 per month. He has taken up a part-time job printing photos which can just about cover the increased living costs. Azian Shaari, a 33-year-old clerk from Perak’s Kampung Gajah, allocates RM300 for her primary school-going child. She said a good quality schoolbag without wheels costs upwards of RM80 and can last a year. Azian said the best way to save is to buy during sales but also noted that items in KL were actually cheaper than in Perak. Her husband Mohamed Aziman, who is a farmer, helps out other padi planters in the village to supplement the family income and keeps the monthly household budget at around RM1,500. Shabrina Shuria Zakaria said the prices of school supplies climb by a few ringgit every year and felt prices are affected by the ringgit’s strength. “Their bags are RM90 and above. Those with wheels are even more expensive, there are...

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Parents feel the blues over costly school items

Parents feel the blues over costly school items

PETALING JAYA, Jan 3 — Parents expressed their displeasure over the price increase of schoolbags, shoes and uniforms as their children return to school today. Concerned parents discovered prices of school supplies had almost doubled when they shopped for necessities for their children. What used to cost RM150 for each child last year has increased to between RM300 and RM400 for this school term, and this does not include mandatory items such as books and fees. Mother-of-two Intan Ismail, 34, said she spent RM578 for her daughter and son on school supplies but have yet to purchase items needed for the first day of school. “My daughter is in Form One this year, and my son in Primary One. Their books alone cost RM135 and RM142, respectively,” she said. “The RM578 does not include sports and co-curricular attire. There are all sorts of miscellaneous things that are listed on the compulsory list given by the school and one of the items is a bookband.” Intan said basic expenses could go up to about RM300. “Bus fare is expensive and if I were to send my children to additional religious classes, that would cost more,” she said. Kedah-born Intan said she is struggling to cope with school expenses. “As a middle-income earner, I have to wait for my next pay packet to get an additional pair of school shoes for my children,” she said. Father-of-three schoolgoing children John Tan said he wanted to extend financial assistance to his friend who encountered difficulties in buying school supplies for his five children. “But since the prices of goods have increased drastically, I am unsure if I can help him,” he said. “I almost didn’t have enough to buy my daughter a new schoolbag, and she needs one badly.” Tan said  he could hardly meet the financial needs of his children, and wondered how parents who have more than three children to send to school could cope.   Source :...

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肝臟肺部受擠壓 青年脊椎側彎籌錢救命

肝臟肺部受擠壓 青年脊椎側彎籌錢救命

左圖:孫國慶需15萬令吉來動手術延續生命。 右圖:患有先天性脊椎骨側彎的孫國慶,獲醫生告知病危,須動手術保命。 報導:唐輝師 (振林山27日訊)19歲青年脊椎側彎,亟需15萬令吉動手術,否則肝臟與肺部受到擠壓,空間逐步的變小,威脅到生命。 患有先天性脊椎骨側彎的孫國慶(19歲),于7月份在母親廖秀玉(50歲,食品員工)陪同下,到吉隆坡醫院兒科複診時,才獲醫生告知病危的消息。 廖秀玉說,醫生指孩子的肝臟與肺部已受到擠壓,內部空間逐步的變小,情況持續惡化的話,會威脅到生命。 有性命危險 “兒科醫生在整理出孩子的病況資料后,我們就去找骨科醫生商討,視要如何為孩子進行手術,不料骨科醫生指孩子目前的情況不宜動手術,且無論動手術與否,孩子都有性命危險。 “為了孩子,我只好帶孩子到私人醫院求救,而私人醫院雖稱孩子可以動手術保命,不過手術費卻要15萬令吉。” 廖秀玉如今苦惱如何籌集這筆醫藥費,但若孩子再不趕緊動手術,情況就會惡化。 她們一家六口住在士姑來公主花園廉價屋,屬于小康之家,丈夫工作不穩定,無固定收入,加上還有一名女兒在拉曼大學就讀。 她說,雖然兩個孩子已踏入社會工作,但國慶過去19年動手術的醫藥費已花了不少,如今家裡真的沒有積儲可再承擔他的醫藥費。 “我們只好向大眾求助,希望能讓孩子可能渡過難關。” 每年換固架鐵片 動了近10次手術 母愛真偉大,患有先天性脊椎骨側彎的孫國慶,隨著年齡增長,幾乎每年都必須到醫院動手術換固架鐵片,但母親廖秀玉從未放棄。 廖秀玉說,國慶幾乎可說是在醫院長大的孩子,從小進出政府醫院的次數已無法統計,加上孩子隨著年齡成長,而必須定時到醫院動手術更換固架鐵片,動手術的次數也不少過十次。 她說,每次孩子到醫院複診或動手術,都是她與孩子一起乘搭長途巴士北上。 “孩子過去的手術費,我們都是從慈善團體取得善款,然后東湊西借一些,但隨著孩子年齡越大,更換固架鐵片的費用也越來越貴,這次的費用已超乎我們的能力所負擔的範圍。” 不想連累家庭 曾萌輕生念頭 由于骨科醫生曾說,無論動手術與否,孫國慶最終都會有生命危險,他曾一度沮喪,並且不想連累家裡經濟負擔,曾萌起輕生念頭,離家一天。 廖秀玉說,當時在找骨科醫生商討,視要如何為孩子進行手術保命時,不料醫生的這番話也被孩子給聽到。 “詎料國慶曾萌起輕生念頭,更離家失蹤。最終是被哥哥致電給他,謊稱我生病入院,他才肯現身。” 此外,她說,國慶今年也向她申訴,呼吸會有困難,不能走動太多,否則會氣喘,之前不曾如此。 她說,在環境不佳的地方,國慶也會感到呼吸苦難。   Source...

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